Egypt's capital Cairo is located in the northern part of the country. The city is located on the river Nile, which flows through the whole country from north to south. It is the country's largest city with its 16 million inhabitants. The climate is incredibly dry and hot, with very little rainfall. The city is actually one of the driest in the world, with only around 20 mm of precipitation per year.
Through its millennial history and unique sights, Cairo has become one of the world's most popular travel destinations.
One of the most visited attractions in Cairo is the Egyptian Museum which is located at Tahrir Square in the central part of the city. Here you will find the world's largest collection of antiques, about 120,000 objects, mainly from the time of the pharaohs. The museum houses most of the treasures from Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb. Among other things, his funeral mask, made entirely of gold, and his three coffins.
Of course, an excursion to the pyramids of Giza is something not to be missed when in Cairo. On the Giza Plateau on the outskirts of the city, the huge pyramids stand as a reminder of a bygone era. It is difficult not to be affected by the mighty atmosphere around the huge monuments. The three largest and most famous pyramids are named after the pharaohs Cheops, Chefren and Menkaura. Together with the Sphinx, they are among the most famous buildings in the world. Guided tours are organized here every day of the week and in the evenings you can also view beautiful light shows on the pyramids.
In Egypt, people eat a lot of beans, lentils and peas and many of the most common dishes are vegetarian. The chickpea puree Hummus is a common accessory to many dishes and has its origins here. Falafel is another example of food from the Middle East that has also become popular in the rest of the world. These chickpea balls are usually served in pita bread with vegetables or with rice.
A dish that is considered Egypt's national dish is Koshari. It is a dish consisting of pasta, rice, lentils and chickpeas topped with caramelized onions and a good sauce. When it comes to Egyptian food, this is a dish that should not be missed. It is loved by both locals and tourists.
Another dish that you can find on most menus is Mahshi. It is a dish consisting of vegetables, usually peppers, zuccini or eggplant filled with rice, tomato sauce and cilantro.
Cairo Airport (CAI) is located 22 kilometers northeast of Cairo. By taxi it takes about 30 minutes to the city center and costs about 150 EGP (8 EURO).
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Updated conditions to take advantage of from 2020-09-03.